A long but interesting review of Thomas Campbell's My Big TOE.
https://sites.google.com/site/iscatusbe ... f-my-big-t
A Review of My Big Toe by Thomas Campbell
Some acronyms used in this review:
MBT - My Big TOE (Theory of Everything)
PMR - Physical Matter Reality (eg our known universe, but there are many others)
NPMR - Non-Physical Matter Reality (supra-physical dimensions)
AUO – Absolute Unbounded Oneness (akin to unmanifest Godhead)
AUM – Absolute Unbounded Manifold (God made manifest in multiple forms, more self-aware)
TBC – The Big Computer (which runs the infrastructures of Reality)
VR – Virtual Reality (realities are mental constructs, not truly physical)
QoC – Quality of Consciousness (low entropy, organised, bright, focused intent)
FWAU – Free Will Awareness Unit (A sentient entity, like a human being)
PUP – Psi Uncertainty Principle (Why no-one believes a parapsychologist)
I have not been able to find a detailed review of this trilogy, so I felt obliged to write one myself. I've visited the MBT website to deepen my understanding of Tom Campbell's ideas.
Content, Style and Tone
This 800+ page trilogy is best purchased in the 3-in-1 edition. It is more expensive to purchase volumes separately, and pointless, since you need to read all three (called Awakening, Discovery andInner Workings) to get the Big Picture. Each volume has 2 sections divided into multiple chapters.
The books are written in an informal, discursive style to try to avoid frightening off non-technical readers. The text is organic; indeed, some of the explanatory asides almost verge on 'stream of consciousness'. There is deliberate repetition of technical or metaphysical ideas by rephrasing and rewording, to ensure that whatever our background, we will have a good chance of getting the point. Without this restatement and clarification, the 800 pages could probably have been reduced by half. Anything as long as 'War and Peace' is bound to be off-putting to many people. And, in view of the length, the lack of an index is irritating, though the chapter headings often help you to find what you need. I understand that the second edition is likely to include an index.
This TOE is not about uniting gravity with the other forces of nature. There is no mention of gravity at all. It is about a much bigger picture than that: exploring how Consciousness is at the heart of reality -indeed, how Consciousness is reality, and how our Physical Matter Reality (PMR) is a very small Virtual reality (VR) within the larger consciousness system. At its core, MBT is a work of metaphysics built on scientific principles.
For spiritual seekers, some of the scientific-style language is surprising; at first sight almost shockingly ‘unspiritual’. For instance describing what we normally think of as “spirit” or “love” as “low-entropy consciousness”, and using the language of economics to describe the evolution of consciousness (what is “profitable” is retained, what is not is discarded). God hardly gets a mention –too much baggage. Instead we have the mystical ‘AUO’ (Absolute Unbounded Oneness).
The tone is often flippant or ironic (especially when challenging the reader's ego). The continual emphasis on "bootstrapping" (pulling yourself up by your own bootstraps) is a sign that the book is written in the American freedom, self-help tradition: 'you have free will and can only make it by your own efforts'. But don't think that Napoleon Hill's Think and Grow Rich has apotheosised into Tom Campbell's 'Meditate and Grow Consciousness'. My Big Toe is certainly not a recipe book.
Tom says there are three paths to Big Truth: Service, Surrender and Knowledge. His MBT is arrived at via the Path of Knowledge, also known as the Warrior’s Path, and according to Tom, it is particularly suited to the Western mindset. However, the idea originates from the East -the Bhagavad Gita, whose reluctant warrior Arjuna is told by Lord Krishna that he cannot succeed by being passive and avoiding life's challenges. It is an idea later taken up by Don Juan in the works of Carlos Castaneda:
“Only as a warrior can one withstand the path of knowledge. A warrior cannot complain or regret anything. His life is an endless challenge…”
“a warrior takes everything as a challenge, while an ordinary man takes everything as a blessing or as a curse.”
These words might have been penned by Tom Campbell himself.
Tom Campbell is a highly rated physicist who works as a systems consultant to NASA. He also happens to be a natural at accessing other realities. The very first time he meditated, he entered into point consciousness (something that takes many people a very long time).
Volume 1, Awakening, which sets the scene with autobiographical information, is a comparatively easy read. Surprisingly, though, there is not much real detail about the author’s OBE sojourns. Tom Campbell knows this detracts from the entertainment value (and therefore, probably book sales), but it’s a deliberate policy to avoid sensationalism and promote this as a serious work. Since experiences in Non Physical Matter Reality (NPMR) are much more subjective than travels in Physical Matter Reality (PMR), it is unlikely that anything he describes would apply in any reliable way to those who try to follow him; and the author does not wish to restrict our own explorations by any expectations or beliefs that his descriptions might impose. (Readers interested in NPMR nitty-gritty can always buy books written by his contemporaries, Bob Monroe and Bruce Moen.)
As a boy, Tom recalls being tested in his dreams by his NPMR guides for the quality of his intent and the extent of his fearlessness. He passed the tests, and so apparently graduated to the next stage in his development.
As a student, he was told that meditation would improve his concentration. He made the effort in a spirit of open-minded scientific enquiry. It worked, and as a true scientist, he accepted its utility even though he had as yet no theoretical basis for understanding why. And while some spiritual teachers think that ‘point consciousness’ is enough, for Tom Campbell it was only the beginning.
Meditation helps to still the incessant chatter of the left brain to let the larger consciousness grow in us. Using meditation, Tom’s already considerable intelligence became even more focused, as he found that he could solve computing and physics problems ten times as quickly and efficiently by “parallel processing” whilst in a meditative state. Bugs in computer code almost jumped out of the page at him, saving him from having to laboriously study every line.
Soon after he started working as a physicist, he was introduced to Bob Monroe who lived nearby (that’s synchronicity!), and became involved in developing the “binaural beats” technology to enable participants at the Monroe Institute to more easily enter the meditative state; for it is in a 4hz theta brainwave state that allows us to conjure OBEs. Interestingly, Bob Monroe was a natural from age 15, and did not need this technology, but he wanted a couple of scientists to help him find techniques to make OBEs more readily accessible to others. Tom and a colleague assisted. In exchange, Bob taught them what he knew about Psi and OBEs.
When testing this technology, Bob Monroe, Tom and others realised that they could actually meet each other in NPMR. When they ‘returned’ they could compare notes and see that their OBE adventures were often shared, not merely subjective. This convinced them that they were not simply hallucinating or having lucid dreams.
It is a brave mainstream physicist who dares to embrace mysticism and metaphysics in defiance of the scientific paradigm. But even early on, of all Monroe’s disciples, Tom Campbell got the reputation for being the boldest pioneer in NPMR. He explored realities others dared not go, including evil and exotic ones. (This is mentioned in Bob Monroe’s books. Perhaps when he’s old and penniless, Tom Campbell will write another book describing these way-out experiences, but I doubt it.)
Tom points out that all systems of cosmology posit a mystical beginning. Even our current physics asks us to accept that the Big Bang was uncaused or that what caused it is unknown and unknowable. He uses concepts from modern physics, analogies from information theory and computing to build his Big TOE (Theory of Everything).
As a scientist, he is at pains to say that his TOE (MBT) is a model, not a fixed set of beliefs. He pretty much despises beliefs, whether materialist or religious, because they put bounds on our experience; they tend to turn into dogma and become a prison for the mind. If something happens that does not fit our beliefs, we tend to reject it, often without enquiry. This is no way to make philosophical or evolutionary progress. (Sometimes you can tell from the tone that Tom has had to suffer ridicule from materialists.) So Tom insists that we should not take his model on trust, which is by necessity a work in progress; the last thing he wants is to make a scientological-style religion out of it. Always, we should “taste the pudding”, test it and see how it measures up to our own understanding; and then develop our own version of the model.
Take meditation for example: he recommends that we should try this for two 20 minute (TM mantra) sessions a day for 3 months, whether we wish to attempt OBEs or not. If after that time, we do not notice a difference in ourselves (‘objectively’ tested by other people’s reactions to us, changed opinion of us, and our own improved ability to focus), then we should vary the technique or move on.
When MBT uses analogies from the world we know, these are to be understood as metaphors. Metaphors are, however, peculiarly and particularly relevant to MBT, because Reality is understood to be fractal in Nature. A fractal is a modern mathematical way of saying “As above, So Below”. The same laws and processes manifest in similar ways at different levels of reality.
Ordinarily, we are trapped in the 'little picture'. Our Physical Matter Reality is one of many similar 'subsets' within a 'superset' Non-Physical Matter reality. The NPMR superset cannot possibly be understood in terms of one of its PMR subsets. This would be like the two-dimensional beings of E.A. Abbott's Flatland trying to comprehend the idea of our three-dimensional world.
However, an insightful metaphor can actually help us to transcend the boundaries between realities and so get a glimpse of the 'Big Picture'. Poets, of course, have always understood this idea.
Occasionally, MBT also mentions the term “hologram”, but this is not developed, presumably because we can’t easily find holograms in nature. It is easier to find fractal patterns and we can readily invoke fractal metaphors.
The Two Constants
So what is Tom Campbell’s TOE? Whilst he accepts that we humans cannot know the ultimate answer, we can delve far enough to determine everything relevant to us. By invoking two simple Constants, he constructs his model.
The first Constant is Primordial Consciousness, the primary stuff of Reality, which he calls AUO (Absolute Unbounded Oneness). In its primordial state, AUO has a dim, disorganised awareness. AUO is not conceived to be Infinite (hence, may not be the ultimate Being); but so far as we are concerned, it might as well be.
Note that AUO is not omniscient or omnipotent, but for us it is simply All-that-is. So it is not inherently perfect. This is the first surprise for spiritual seekers, who normally understand Godhead to be Infinite and Perfect. But it does offer a solution to the mystic’s most head-scratching problem: if we all partake of the One Consciousness, then why on Earth do we exist, why does Life evolve and why do we have this urge to improve ourselves? How can perfection self-improve? And why would it expect us to do so?
Suggesting that AUO, like us, is evolving solves this conundrum. It also requires the introduction of the second Constant: the Fundamental Process, which is the urge to evolve. For Consciousness, evolution means decreasing its entropy, in other words increasing its quality, becoming brighter by becoming more organised. We humans are supposed to recognise a more organised consciousness as happier, more love-like (less ego-dominated, less fear-haunted).
In the Beginning
How does AUO start to use the Fundamental Process to self-evolve? First, AUO creates a duality in itself - a binary state – by a local disturbance or distortion within itself. It does this by using its Intent. Intent at first is weak, but it evolves. Intent, and the freedom to use it, are said to be primary attributes of Consciousness. Thus, in intentional self-distortion, is born the first defined ‘Reality Cell’ (metaphorically, the first living cell). By increasing the number and variety of distortions or disturbances, the first Reality Cell can divide into many digital (i.e. discrete, separate), reality cells.
The way that AUO proliferates into gazillions of randomly changing Reality Cells might be compared fractally to the way bacteria appear in a primordial soup or the way our ‘physical’ universe developed tiny differences of density after the Big Bang, from which the galaxies evolved.
The rules for self-organisation occur naturally as a by-product of the Fundamental Process, just as “simple binary patterns and the instruction-set defining relatively few operations have evolved into today’s computer technology”. (I quote this from MBT for your edification because I daren’t try to put the metaphor in my own words: it seems to me that humans spent a lot of effort evolving computer languages and technology, so I can’t appreciate the “naturally” and “simple” idea. It reminds me of Dawkins’ building-block response, The Blind Watchmaker to William Paley’s sudden discovery of a complex watch).
TBC -The Big Computer
In its urge to lower its entropy, AUO finds it profitable to create within itself the consciousness-equivalent of computer memory-space. So now it has both a processing or computational (pattern-grouping) area of reality cells and separate memory space. These might be considered as separate dimensions within Consciousness-space, though quite how they are held separate is not yet clear.
AUO has evolved what Tom rather whimsically calls TBC, the Big Computer, a metaphor we modern humans can readily understand: it contains “memory, processing, rules, operations and content”. Digital logic and memory are needed to apply the rules of interaction between cells in this dim ‘neural network’ to make it brighter. What is profitable (brightens consciousness) is kept, what is not is discarded.
“Unquestioningly, it is the patterns, the patterns of patterns (and the rule-sets that evolve to define, regulate and order them) that constitute the basic ingredients of almost everything we directly experience. For just one example, imagine a human brain’s pattern of cellular organization, and its patterns of neuron and electromagnetic activity. For other examples, think of the city you live in, the economy in which you work, and the political and cultural patterns that order your life. Civilization is about ordered patterns defined by profitability and constraints –so is everything else, including consciousness”.
From AUO to AUM to NPMRs to PMRs
Next, AUO discovers that changing its state regularly has value. The reality cells can oscillate and their binary beat becomes organised Time. (It is important to realise that there is not yet any ‘space’ or the apparent ‘spacetime’ of Physical Matter Reality as we understand it. Time or Frequency is much more fundamental.) Time separates a ‘before state’ from an ‘after state’; time is a by-product created by the notion of change in consciousness.
Eventually, using the very useful technology of regular timekeeping, AUO, through hierarchical self-organization, becomes AUM, Absolute Unbounded Manifold.
AUM is still AUO, but subdivided, with highly structured Reality Cells -bright enough to be capable of running independent gedanken (thought-experiments) in pursuit of lower entropy. In effect, we now have mental spaces or dimensions in AUO. This can be compared (again the fractal metaphor) to specialisation of stem cells into organs or limbs in a multi-celled organism, or to the proliferation of species in the Cambrian explosion.
The process continues: AUM creates NPMRS (Non-Physical Matter realities), undergoing simultaneous consciousness-brightening. They are separated from each other in frequency (time)-separated mental spaces (dimensions), and each has its own evolving rules.
As already mentioned, many NPMRs evolve their own subsets with tighter constraints or rule-sets (physics) called Physical Matter realities. Each PMR is a different reality (VR), so if there are Klingons, Vulcans and Cardassians on other planets in our galaxy or in other galaxies –they would all still be inside our own little PMR. Consider the Big Picture: Reality is truly vast.
The particular patch of our PMR called 'Earth' is supposed to be quite tough, chiefly for those of us whose consciousness is barely developed. How can I put this: think infant school on a council estate. Tom uses the word “kindergarten”. (The Path of Knowledge can help to quieten the spirit by giving us useful information like this. Knowing that most of our fellow human beings have infant consciousness enables us to make allowances and be more forgiving of each other...)
Time and relative dimensions in (Consciousness-) space
But how is Time used to separate realities? MBT goes into this in some detail. Time is said to be discrete, not continuous, with fundamental Planck-like scale units. The speed of light, c, evolved in our PMR to be 3 x 108 m/s “conceptually defines the virtual size or conceptual spatial extent of a space-time reality cell”. The smallest quantum unit of time in our PMR might be the distance that c travels in that unit of time, say 10-44 seconds. In other words, the constant c is derived from time (frequency) and it takes 10-44 seconds for one of our PMR spacetime reality cells to change its state from non-distorted to distorted.
But in our NPMR, the smallest fundamental Time unit might be 10-62 seconds. In other words, NPMR Reality cells oscillate much faster. So for every 1018 ticks of NPMR time, 1 unit of our time passes. Information travels much faster in NPMR. This gives plenty of time for TBC to do everything required to predict and back up PMR events in its databases (the Akashic records). Another even easier way of modelling this is to compare it to computer code: nested loops. PMR time is nested inside NPMR time. A unit of PMR time occurs; once it is recorded and all significant probable futures computed, then the next increment of PMR time (delta-t) is “called” by the procedure.
Beyond NPMR, AUM’s fundamental quantum of time might be (say) 10-80 seconds. So AUM has plenty of time to review all the various thought-experiments taking place in all its myriad VRs. To AUM we are stepped-down, and slowed down; very sluggish indeed.
In my opinion, this explanation of Time and Frequency is Tom Campbell’s most original contribution. It updates Spiritualist and Theosophical notions of concentric spheres separated by “vibrational” differences. Far from Time being meaningless in the hereafter, MBT suggests that is actually very meaningful. Time is what separates realities and allows AUO to multi-task by way of TBC.
Whether or not there are 5 or 10 or 11 physical dimensions in our PMR is not helpful to an understanding of the nature of reality, because reality is not fundamentally geometric. Our PMR rules do not subsume the whole of reality; they only apply to us. ‘Big Truth’ Reality comprises conceptual VRs in a vast number of time-separated dimensions, each with its own personally evolved rule-set.
The Point of it All
So what is the point of all these conceptual realities evolving in their own mindspace dimensions?
“By exploring different conditions, AUM seeks to discover whether consciousness will end up love-like, or its opposite, or some stable state of equilibrium in between; or chaotic. Can AUM find the optimal conditions for growing (evolving) high quality consciousness?”
We’re part of that quest, because every raising of consciousness adds to the brightening of the whole.
Physical Matter Reality & The Psi Uncertainty Principle
Physical Matter Reality is not really what it seems; it is a conceptual construct of consciousness, an early learning environment. There are not ‘really’ 3 physical dimensions; it is a virtual reality created by TBC to constrain us to a limited set of rules. (On the MBT forum, Tom Campbell indicates that Brian Whitworth's fascinating 2008 paper The Physical World as a Virtual Reality is consistent with MBT philosophy.)
As we know, our own PMR has a causality that is apparently closed. NPMR rules allow Psi-powers as a matter of course, but here in PMR telepathy and precognition are only allowed to intrude if they obey what Tom calls a “Psi-Uncertainty Principle” (PUP). This means that Psi is never reliable enough to be regular and repeatable in “objective” PMR scientific terms (at least, so far). Psi can be experienced subjectively, but is not permitted to go so far as to destroy the general faith in causality. If it were, there would be less point in continuing our PMR experiment. Believing that we lived a dream might tend to stop us getting involved and encourage us to hang around instead (like rich kids hang around, doing drugs in their parents’ mansions).
Life as a Computer Game
On the MBT website, Tom extends the Virtual Reality metaphor by comparing our PMR directly to a VR in a computer game. All aspects of our environment are stored by TBC as probabilities, based on previous events and the requirements of the rule-set (physics). As sentient beings interact with this environment, we demand data, and the probabilities are rendered to our senses in the appropriate detail –rather as in QM, the Copenhagen interpretation considers that light exists as a wavefunction until a sentient being observes and fixes its position in particular form.
Immensely powerful as TBC is, it is not infinite, so there are restrictions on its power to render information. You may have noticed your avatar in a computer game moving through a landscape where trees suddenly appear on the horizon. These trees are only rendered in low detail in the distance, and higher detail as we approach them. Their appearance is calculated by TBC based on the state when they were previously observed, modified by all likely events that would have happened to them since, according to the rules of PMR physics and biology. (Bishop Berkeley has been brought up to date!)
Intent and the Power of Belief
In spite of the apparently unyielding nature of the PMR rule-set, beliefs do have an influence on PMR “matter”. For instance, if we suspect we have a medical problem, it is better to work on using our Intent to effect positive thinking and healing before informing too many others know that we think we are ill; the more people who believe we are ill, the more the probability is “fixed”, the less likely we can interrupt the flow of PMR causality and stop the illness developing, and the less easy it will be to self-cure.
Tom does not mean this to be taken as advice not to see your doctor; it is just that probabilities develop and become clearer with experience and belief, just as the approaching tree becomes more detailed in the video game. The lower the PMR probability, the easier it is to alter it with your intent, which for most of us on Earth is not highly developed. However, those of us who have a high QoC, or strongly focused intent, are more likely to be able to affect and change even causally probable PMR outcomes (subject to any disrupting effect by the Psi Uncertainty Principle).
Tom does mention that when originally looking for a model to start thinking about Consciousness and Reality, he hit upon the channelled Seth books. The Seth material gives the impression that we humans have a greater power to change our reality by the power of our intent or belief. By comparison, in the MBT model our PMR rule-set and the PUP seem to reduce our scope.
Future Probability Database
TBC is very smart. In addition to rendering our PMR environment in full touchy-feely, Technicolor, Dolby surround-sound to all us participating conscious entities, TBC stores all events, choices, calculates the probable future and also many alternative “what if” choices – that is, how events likely would have played out had we chosen differently; all in the same, potentially interactive way. This comes in very handy when we leave PMR. Not only can we explore and review our past lives, but we can also review all sensible branches had we made different decisions: so we can learn much more about what ‘might have been’. This reminds me very much of Groundhog Day (an inspired film, if ever there was one), and is Tom's version of the Many Worlds Intepretation.
Tom Campbell has explored some of these futures. He has studied the Virtual Manual and learned to use the remote control on his Virtual Video Recorder, fast-forwarding and rewinding. Most of us in PMR, of course, are just stuck on ‘Play’. Tom says that it is very easy for people briefly visiting NPMR to misinterpret what they are experiencing. People who have NDEs, people who foresee catastrophes may be looking down the path of possible futures, driven by their beliefs, their intent and their expectations. We need practice and skill to separate probability from possibility, what happened from what might have happened. Which virtual database (Akashic) did they access? The Historical one or the Futures Probable Reality one (with its multiple threads)? Both are there for us, courtesy of TBC.
The Reality Wide Web
In Consciousness space, there is a huge social network, an Internet which Tom calls a Reality Wide Web (RWW), linking all the different Realities together. Our own PMR would be the equivalent of an intranet or LAN. There are many other PMR LANS within our NPMR. All are linked to the broader RWW in NPMR, and beyond via other ISPs to other NPMRs and their associated PMRs. If we have the knowhow, we can navigate the RWW by intent and communicate telepathically. In NPMR each sentient entity has the equivalent of a URL and website where all its memories are stored. You have one.
Think about it. If Reality is fractal, then it makes sense that what we are developing in our PMR will in some sense mirror the wider reality from which we originate. Our consciousness is derivative from the original consciousness and fractally we resemble AUM (are made in AUM’s image). Tom Campbell is sure that we will create our own derivative form of consciousness -Artificial Intelligence. He says he has already seen the first signs of it (Doubtful? Don’t forget, he works for NASA).
On the MBT website, someone asked Tom why if he could navigate into the future he wasn’t winning the lottery; the answer (apart from pointing out that such materialist focus had no relevance to consciousness-raising) was that in the Monroe Institute, this was once investigated -in the proper spirit of scientific enquiry, of course. Every number foreseen was about one out; close, but not close enough. The future is not yet set; free will choices all influence it, and the Psi Uncertainty Principle further interferes with the accurate return of information from NPMR to PMR. (But on the MBT website, there are those who have been told the numbers in advance by NPMR contacts, and have actually won the lottery. Apparently, it works if the need is there, but the PUP won’t allow it if you advertise the fact in advance or if you’re just being greedy!)
There is also Law Enforcement of a kind in NPMR. Tom talks irreverently about ‘The Big Cheese’, a kind of demigod (strictly there by virtue of merit, of course) in charge of our NPMR, one of whose responsibilities is to ensure that our very own gedanken does not go off track or get sabotaged. Apparently, The Big Cheese has terminated some entities in our NPMR.
The MBT model permits a degree of lawlessness. Freedom to experiment is so vital to the bottom-up evolutionary model that rules controlling interaction are only enforced to the minimum degree necessary to maintain the integrity of each Virtual Reality.
So far as our own lives are concerned, Tom says that we must continually try to pull ourselves up by our own mental bootstraps, and so long as we do, our guides should provide a little help. But if we think our consciousness-raising efforts are being hindered, or if we think our guides are not playing ball, we can appeal over their heads to The Big Cheese himself.
Even if we succeed in raising our QoC to the degree that we can enter NPMR at will (ie have successful OBEs), we will not necessarily have the relevant ‘permissions’ to visit a particular “URL” or “VR”. This is not said to be a restriction on free-will, any more than stopping children from running across the road or playing with guns is a restriction. We need to wise up to what we’re facing first.
Advantages of PMR over NPMR
MBT seems to show four aspects of PMR that make it more useful to evolving our QoC than NPMR:
1. Enforced interaction with others who we might not normally associate with (think: hormones and bodily appetites).
2. Our PMR has random elements which we cannot predict. Such random stuff tests our mettle and gives us the opportunity to know ourselves under duress.
3. In PMR, we are mentally isolated from our Source and have to “work” to find out what is helpful to lowering our entropy and what is not. For instance, if we are miserable and friendless in PMR, we need to start deliberately modifying our intent to improve our lives.
4. Isolation from entities that might harm us (comparatively speaking, it is an environment safe and shielded from malevolent entities).
It does seem that enforced interaction (#1 above) is the main reason we are here. Studies by primatologists (such as Robin Dunbar) show a clear correlation between complexity of social interactions and neocortical size in primates. All our relationships force greater understanding on us. As Tom says, our PMR is set up to automatically evolve our QoC, with or without our conscious co-operation. What's more, the PMR rule-set gives us a wide range of tools to further our social interactions. Tools can be anything we use. Your plumber has a spanner; your entertainer has a piano; your acupuncturist has a system of meridians. As we exploit these tools, we acquire skills (effectively, they are social skills, since to gain an economic benefit we must use the tools in some sort of social interaction). All such skills focus and brighten our consciousness.
MBT develops the interesting idea of “decision-space”, varying for each individuated unit of consciousness (IUOC). It seems to start where instinctive behaviour ends, though instincts are not discussed. A clam, for example, has very little decision-space. It can open or close. A dog has more: it can decide whether to bark at us, bite us or wag its tail, or whether to chase its own tail. A human being is more sentient, and has evolved to have more decision-space. The US President has more decision space than a rural peasant; but whatever our range of choices, we all still have many opportunities in common everyday situations with family, friends and colleagues to try to evolve in the way we interact –by trial and error, thoughtfulness and practice.
The truth of Free Will is vital to Tom Campbell’s TOE. All sentient entities (also called FWAUs- Free Will Awareness Units), increase their quality of consciousness through their free-will choices.
“Consciousness cannot exist without the ability to make self-determined, self-modifying choices. Without free will, there is no consciousness. Without consciousness, there is no free will. Consciousness and free will cannot be separated –they are simply different aspects of the same thing…the concept of evolving consciousness without free will is a mistaken and illogical theoretical construct that self-destructs in static, meaningless, determinism.”
The idea of Fate and Destiny are anathema to Tom; he is a Libertarian, through and through. Where our intent is love over fear, or service over selfishness, we automatically positively increment our quality of consciousness. Or if we choose wrongly, the increment is negative. Those choices, big or small, are expressions of our Free Will. (Negative things that only affect us, but not others, are said to be irrational rather than immoral, according to Tom’s son who develops the moral implications of MBT on the MBT website).