Paradigm, Cognitive Map, and Decision Space are overlapping metaphors for the same general concept. Expanding one's awareness or changing to a higher level paradigm, seeing a bigger picture, enlarging your cognitive map, increasing your decision space, all are similar and overlapping concepts and result in an increase in your ability to apply your free will and thus effectively empower your free will.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines the basic meaning of the term paradigm as "a typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model". The historian of science Thomas Kuhn gave it its contemporary meaning when he adopted the word to refer to the set of practices that define a scientific discipline at any particular period of time. In his book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Kuhn defines a scientific paradigm as: "universally recognized scientific achievements that, for a time, provide model problems and solutions for a community of practitioners, i.e.,
- • what is to be observed and scrutinized
• the kind of questions that are supposed to be asked and probed for answers in relation to this subject
• how these questions are to be structured
• how the results of scientific investigations should be interpreted
• how is an experiment to be conducted, and what equipment is available to conduct the experiment
Now compare these statements to Tom Campbell discussing the nature of a decision space and our exercise of free will within it, extracted from Mt Big TOE, page 416, Book 2. Section 3, Chapter 45: Mind, Brain and Body:A cognitive map (also: mental map or mental model) is a type of mental representation which serves an individual to acquire, code, store, recall, and decode information about the relative locations and attributes of phenomena in their everyday or metaphorical spatial environment. The concept was introduced by Edward Tolman in 1948.
Cognitive maps have been studied in various fields, such as psychology, education, archaeology, planning, geography, cartography, architecture, landscape architecture, urban planning, management and history. As a consequence, these mental models are often referred to, variously, as cognitive maps, mental maps, scripts, schemata, and frames of reference.
Cognitive maps serve the construction and accumulation of spatial knowledge, allowing the "mind's eye" to visualize images in order to reduce cognitive load, enhance recall and learning of information. This type of spatial thinking can also be used as a metaphor for non-spatial tasks, where people performing non-spatial tasks involving memory and imaging use spatial knowledge to aid in processing the task.
http://books.google.com/books?id=RYHtBP ... 16&f=falseTom Campbell wrote:Humans similarly exercise free will within their own decision-space. The size and complexity of that decision space (for a species or an individual) depends on the capacity and quality (entropy) of the consciousness that supports it. For a given fundamental capacity, lower entropy supports a larger, more complex decision space. Higher capacity also supports the potentiality of lower entropy.
In case you are wondering, the capacity of the human consciousness is immense, yet we exercise only an infinitesimal fraction of that potential. Our potential ranges far beyond your wildest dreams. Unfortunately, the part of that potential we have intentionally actualized typically supports little more than the tedious soap opera we call "real life."
That's right: Beings with a higher quality of consciousness function in a larger decision space with a larger range of free will choices - they live in a larger, up-scale reality. The reality in which their awareness functions is a super set of the reality experienced by a consciousness with higher entropy. That is an obvious conclusion when comparing yourself to a clam, and much less obvious when comparing yourself to a being of exceptionally high-quality consciousness, although the relative gaps are likely to be about the same.
Learning what you can from Tom Campbell's trilogy at a depth as opposed to a superficial intellectual level can provide a new and more enabling paradigm, an expanded cognitive map and a similarly expanded decision space. As a result, we have tools which can enable us to reduce entropy more effectively and in general interact more effectively. This enlarged decision space provides a larger range of free will choices.